Peathas long been known as combustible material and fertilizer. It is a breed of plant origin, formed due to incomplete decomposition of plant residues (moss, grass, wood). The predominant place of peat formation is marshes characterized by deposition on the surface of partially decomposed organic matter, which is converted to peat due to high humidity and poor air access - under these conditions, only partial mineralization occurs. Peat is widely used in energy, agriculture, animal husbandry, chemical industry, its medicinal and biochemical properties are used.
Peator, an outdated name, turf (English peat or turf; German torf) is known under the ancient name of "Flammable Land".Food heating is one of the oldest known uses of peat in western and northern Europe. Due to its high carbon content (50-60%) and specific heat of combustion up to 17 MJ / kg, peat is widely used as solid fuel. The most common uses of peat for heating are peat briquettes and peat crumbs.
Peat is a well-flammable mineral. The peculiarity and value of peat, as a combustible material, is that due to the oxygen contained in the peat fibers, it is able to burn, even without air access. This feature is causing particular danger of fires in peatlands as they are very difficult to extinguish, but also allows the use of turf (peat briquettes) as fuel. No wonder that one of the first power plants of the Soviet Union, built in the early 1920s, peat was fuel. Even today, in Finland, peat is a fuel that provides a significant (5-7%) share of energy consumed in the country.
Peat extraction is carried out in an open way, since it lies close to the surface. However, for the purposes of energy production is only suitable peat with a high degree of decomposition, extracted from the middle and bottom of the swamps. The extracted peat is dried with mandatory observance of fire safety measures - improper storage of freshly extracted peat can be the cause of self-ignition and fires. After the necessary processing, peat is converted solid fuel, safe for consumers. The main forms of peat supply:
Most or almost all modern solid fuel boilers can use peat briquettes as fuel. We offer our clients a full range of services for the supply of briquettes from our own production of peat for solid fuel boilers.